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Basic differences between Judo and Ju-Jutsu

(Submitted by Pete McMahan)

* In Judo you fight one person at a time in a "gentleman's"
competition. There is no such gentlemanly application of Jujutsu or
guarantee of a single, clean shaven (and good smelling) opponent. Not that
you can't get your butt kicked in Judo - it's just that your life isn't on
the line (if you use proper technique).

* Some Judo principles: "Gentle way," "maximum efficiency with minimal
effort," "mutual benefit and welfare." Contrasted with some Jujutsu
principles: "Get through the altercation alive," "Deal with the first
opponent quickly and then look for the next guy, optionally using the first
opponent as a shield."

* The ultimate goal in Judo is to develop oneself to the maximum
extent possible, always striving for perfection so that you can contribute
something of value to the world.

* One of the more important differences between Judo and Jujutsu is
that when you use Jujutsu your opponent generally provides all of the
kuzushi you need to execute your technique through the motion of his attack.
In Judo, you must generate the kuzushi yourself, and in general you must be
subtle about it or else you will be blocked or countered.

* Judo is also more than just a subset of Jujutsu. Judo has standard
rules that allow you to compete against Judoka from all over the world. As
in Jujutsu, Judo instructors (in general) are not paid, but Judo encourages
students to "give back" to the sport by requiring students to become
certified referees as a precondition of achieving Shodan.

* In order to earn points toward advancement in rank the Judoka must
either compete in tournaments or volunteer as a tournament official - he
must amass a defined, ever increasing number of points before becoming
eligible to test for the next belt rank.

> View video clips of Pete's class demonstrating some hold downs and throws
with a Judo perspective (under Photo & Video > Instructional)

Pete started Jujutsu at Northwestern as a student in 1986. He has held the rank
of Okuiri in Jujutsu since May 1994. He has been a student of Judo for two
years, and currently holds the rank of Sankyu (equivalent to third brown in